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Water Scarcity – The Current Major Issue In India

Water Scarcity – The Current Major Issue In India

Water scarcity is a major problem in India and has become for the government. The rising population rates in India are demanding a higher amount of drinking water which has led to water scarcity. According to a report, Maharashtra is facing major water scarcity, followed by Gujarat, Karnataka, Jharkhand, and other states. NITI Aayog Report of 2019 states that India is facing the worst water crisis in its history, and over 600 million are water-deprived.

Table of Contents

Reasons behind Water Scarcity In India

There are multiple reasons behind water scarcity in India. Every reason plays a notable role in contributing to the crisis. This problem mostly affects the rural population. People living in rural areas consume water from any kind of water body, such as stagnant ponds and lakes. This is because of the lack of proper water supply facilities. This leads them to suffer from various diseases. The water bodies are not in proper control and management, which is the reason behind the lack of fresh drinking water. Let’s discuss the reasons in detail.

  • Inefficient Usage Of Agriculture Water

India is top producer of agricultural products. Hence, a lot of water is used for irrigation purposes by the agriculture sector. Conventional methods used in the irrigation process consume a higher amount of water, leading to huge water loss due to drainage, evaporation, percolation, and excessive groundwater usage.

India is top producer of agricultural products. Hence, a lot of water is used for irrigation purposes by the agriculture sector. Conventional methods used in the irrigation process consume a higher amount of water, leading to huge water loss due to drainage, evaporation, percolation, and excessive groundwater usage.

The farmers of rural areas still depend on traditional irrigation techniques; due to this, the stress on the water crisis in India is continuing. This can only be solved when micro-irrigation techniques are adopted by the farmers, like sprinkler irrigation and dripping systems.

  • Improper Sewage and Drainage Management

The sewage and drainage system in India still lacks proper management. Despite various projects to control water pollution, the practices of humans are leading to a hazardous water crisis. The sewage wastes are left in the water bodies without undergoing any treatment procedure.

Most cities still lack a proper drainage system to remove the sewage water in an organized manner. In urban areas, the drainage projects are left unfinished, and damage to sewage systems has been noticed. All these irresponsible are polluting the fresh drinking water.

Most cities still lack a proper drainage system to remove the sewage water in an organized manner. In urban areas, the drainage projects are left unfinished, and damage to sewage systems has been noticed. All these irresponsible are polluting the fresh drinking water.

Release of Harmful Chemicals and Effluents

The rising growth of urbanization has led to the development of huge industrial plants and sites. The industrial sectors daily produce tonnes of wastewater and leave them in the water bodies such as rivers, streams, and ponds. Industrial sewage waste consists of harmful chemicals, metals, and effluents.

When these substances are not treated and left in the water bodies, it pollutes. Therefore, the water becomes unfit for drinking. This reason is noticed in many major and metropolitan cities. Industrial sewage management should strictly monitor a proper waste treatment system. The government should implement necessary laws along with the projects.

Lack of Proper De-silting Operations

Most states in the country lack proper de-silting operations for large water bodies. This system enhances the water storage capacity in the monsoon period. As this system is lacking in most states, the monsoon water is not reserved and is left unused. The governments should prioritize this all over the country to fight water scarcity in India. This process will significantly lead to maintaining and controlling the water storage levels.

Improper Efficient Water Management

This is one of the crucial reasons behind the crisis. The country lacks efficient water management. Uneven water distribution in urban and rural areas is the factor behind this. Inefficient management is noticed in various sectors, such as agriculture and industry. The government of India should enhance the technological investment in water projects and executive plans to implement a proper water management system. It should be mandated in all the industrial sectors.

This is one of the crucial reasons behind the crisis. The country lacks efficient water management. Uneven water distribution in urban and rural areas is the factor behind this. Inefficient management is noticed in various sectors, such as agriculture and industry. The government of India should enhance the technological investment in water projects and executive plans to implement a proper water management system. It should be mandated in all the industrial sectors.

These are the major reasons why the country is facing the worst water crisis in India. The government has taken over many projects to control water scarcity before the situation gets worse.

Please mention the name of the report and when it was published instead.

Jason Lofgren
Jason Lofgren
Hi, I'm Jason Lofgren. Throughout the years, I've written about gadgets, video games, and parenting for publications such as 1UP; Laptop; Parenting; Sync; Wise Bread; Business and Health Related Topics. As PCMag's Managing Editor, I bring those skill sets to bear on our Tech, Parenting and Health section.
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