Urology is the core surgical specialty that helps treat disorders of the urinary tract in men and women1. Urinary tract problems can occur at any age. So, if you feel like you have a problem or things aren’t normal, it’s time to see an urologist. There are many tests performed in. This article describes some of the most commonly performed urological tests used in practice. Based on the test results, further monitoring, care, or surgery will be recommended, and you and your doctor will discuss the best course of action for your situation.
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The most common urological examination begins with a brief physical examination. Your physical exam begins with a series of questions to help your urologist better understand your lifestyle and medical history. About all current symptoms, current health, medical history, and any medications you are taking. Be prepared with an in-depth knowledge.
Digital rectal exam (DRE)
For men, the physical examination includes a digital rectal exam (DRE). This test is done to assess the prostate and look for enlargement or irregularities. A digital rectal examination is performed by inserting a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum to examine the prostate. For more information on how to get DRE, read this helpful article.
Urologists rely on a variety of blood tests to learn more about your urinary system and what’s going wrong. Can detect the type of There are three common blood tests used.
Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood test
This test focuses on detecting inflammation of the prostate, which is used to identify the underlying cause. A PSA test alone will not detect cancer. Many people mistake it for a prostate cancer test, but it is only a way of indicating the level of inflammation. If the inflammation level indicates a cancer risk, more tests should be done for a correct diagnosis. Specifically, this test measures the amount of protein currently being released from the prostate. This amount increases with inflammation.
Blood tests for creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
The next type of blood test is the creatinine and blood urea nitrogen test, which is used to assess how the kidneys are functioning by measuring creatinine. High creatinine levels in the blood often indicate that the kidneys are not working properly or efficiently 2. Depending on the ratio of creatinine to blood urea nitrogen, an urologist may be able to be diagnosed.
Testosterone blood test
When evaluating erectile dysfunction in men, a urologist will perform a blood test for testosterone2. This will give a clear indication of testosterone levels, which are responsible for much erectile dysfunction.